There are seven auditing and diagnostic tools that help practitioners to develop an approach based on the FairShares Model:
- Initial Social Audit
- Initial Participation Audit
- Initial Governance Audit
- Social Enterprise Survey
- Advanced Management Diagnostics
- Advanced Wealth Audit
- Advanced Participation Diagnostics
- Advanced Governance Diagnostics
These enable supporters and members to undertake initial social audits of their enterprises, then progress to more detailed investigations of social enterprise values, workforce/member participation, and governance ideology. The diagnostic tools are underpinned by ‘internationally excellent’ award winning research by Dr Rory Ridley-Duff (Reader in Co-operative and Social Enterprise, Sheffield Hallam University), Cliff Southcome (MD of Social Enterprise Europe), and Tracey Coule (Principal Lecturer, Sheffield Hallam University). We would also like to acknowledge the financial and academic support of Mike Bull, at Manchester Metropolitan University, and a partnership with Alistair Ponton at Viewpoint Research CIC that was important in the development of the Workforce Participation Diagnostics.
The key papers underpinning the audit tools can be downloaded from Sheffield Hallam University's Research Archive:
- Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2005) Communitarian Perspectives on Corporate Governance, Unpublished PhD Thesis, Sheffield Hallam University
- Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2007) “Communitarian Perspectives on Social Enterprise”, Corporate Governance: an international review, 15(2): 382-392
- Coule, T. (2008) Strategies for Sustainability in the Voluntary Sector, Unpublished PhD Thesis, Sheffield Hallam University.
- Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Southcombe, C. (2012) “The Social Enterprise Mark: a critical review of its conceptual dimensions”, Social Enterprise Journal, 8(3): 178-200.
- Chadwick-Coule, T (2011). Social dynamics and the strategy process : bridging or creating a divide between trustees and staff? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 40 (1): 33-56.
- Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Ponton, A. (2014) “Workforce Participation: developing a theoretical framework for longitudinal research”, Journal of Co-operative Studies, 46, forthcoming
- Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2012) “New Frontiers in Democratic Self-Management”, in McDonnell, D. and McKnight, E. (eds) The Co-operative Model in Practice, Glasgow: Co-operative Education Trust Scotland, pp. 99 – 118.
- Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Bull, M. (2013) “The FairShares Model: a communitarian pluralist approach to constituting social enterprises?”, paper to 34th Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research Conference, Cardiff City Hall, 12th-14th November.
- Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Bull, M. (2014) "An embedded communitarian pluralist approach to social enterprise development", submission to Business History Journal.